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Alain Connes was born in Draguignan, a town near Cannes in the Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur region of southeast France. He entered the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1966, graduating in 1970. After graduating, Connes became a researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. His thesis A classification of factors of type III was on operator algebras, in particular on von Neumann algebras, and the work was supervised by Jacque Dixmier. The thesis was presented to the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1973.
Connes spent the academic year 197475 at Queen's University in Ontario Canada. In 1976 he was appointed a lecturer at the University of Paris VI, then he was promoted to professor. He spent the year 197879 at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. He left the University of Paris VI in 1980 but, the previous year, he had been appointed as professor at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques at BuressurYvette. Connes still holds this professorship.
In 1981 Connes returned to the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, this time as its director of research. He held this post for eight years. Another position he was appointed to was professor at the Collège de France at Rue d'Ulm in Paris in 1984. Connes currently holds both the position in the Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques and the one in the Collège de France.
Connes's work is on operator algebras and it is put in contect by Moore [4]:
To place Alain Connes's fundamental and pioneering contributions to operator algebras in context, recall that von Neumann and Murray in the 1930s and 1940s were led by, among other things, the spectral theory of operators on Hilbert space, and by considerations of constructing mathematical models for quantum mechanical systems, to introduce what they called rings of operators  since renamed von Neumann algebras. ... One of the main problems has been and remains the classification of these algebras as intrinsic algebraic and topological objects.In [4] Moore describes Connes' thesis as:
... already a major, stunning breakthrough in the classification problem.One of the first major international distinctions for Connes was an invitation to give one of the invited lectures at the International Congress in Helsinki in 1978. Four years later the award of a Fields Medals to Connes was announced at a meeting of the General Assembly of the International Mathematical Union in Warsaw in early August 1982. The Medal not presented until the International Congress in Warsaw which could not be held in 1982 as scheduled and was delayed until the following year. Lectures on the work of Connes which led to his receiving the Medal were made at the 1983 International Congress. Araki, described Connes' contributions, see [1]:
His most remarkable contributions are (1) general classification and a structure theorem for factors of type III, obtained in his thesis (2) classification of automorphisms of the hyperfinite factor, which served as a preparation for the next contribution (3) classification of injective factors, and (4) application of the theory of Calgebras to foliations and differential geometry in general.After describing these contributions, Araki also notes other work of Connes such as his applications of operator algebras to differential geometry and his work on noncommutation integration theory which he published in 1979.
Moore, in [4], sums up some of Connes' work:
Taken altogether Connes's work in the last decade on operator algebras and its applications has transformed the subject, and opened up entire new areas of research.Connes' recent work has been on noncommutative geometry and he published a major text on the topic in 1994. He has studied applications to theoretical physics and his work is of major importance showing, in the words of Araki in [1]:
... the incredible power of Alain Connes and the richness of his contributions.Connes has received many awards for his work. In addition to the Fields Medal he was awarded the Prix Aimeé Berthé in 1975, the Prix PecotVimont in 1976, the gold medal of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in 1977, the Prix Ampère from the Académie des Sciences in Paris in 1980 and in 1981 the Prix de Electricité de France.
He was elected to the Académie des Sciences in 1982 being at that time only one of thirteen mathematicians in the Academy. He has been elected as a foreign member of the Danish Academy of Sciences (1980), the Norwegian Academy of Sciences (1993) and the Canadian Academy of Sciences (1995).
References (5 books/articles)
References elsewhere in this archive:
A Connes won a Fields Medal in 1982. You can see a history of the Fields Medal and a list of winners.