Burkhardt
# Heinrich Friedrich Karl Ludwig Burkhardt

### Born: 10 Oct 1861 in Schweinfurt, Germany

Died: 2 Nov 1914 in Munich, Germany

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**Heinrich Burkhardt** studied at the University of Berlin, then at the Univesity of Göttingen and finally at the University of Munich. He obtained his doctorate in 1887 with a dissertation on invariant theory.

Burkhardt was appointed to the post of lecturer at the University of Göttingen then, in 1897, he was appointed to a professorship at the University of Zurich. From Zurich he later moved to a chair at the Technical University of Munich.

His main work was in analysis and the history of mathematics. One of his papers, published in 1888, was *Hyperelliptic sigma functions.* He published a two volume work *Function Theory* in 1897 and 1899.

One of Burkhardt's historical works *Entwicklungen nach oscillierenden Funktionen und Integration der Differentialgleichungen der mathematischen Physik* (1904-8) is rather chaotic, with unconnected textual quotations following each other, but nevertheless it is very useful as a historical source. It includes details of Cauchy's work in a number of different areas.

One of the founders of the *Encyclopädie der mathematisches Wissenschaften* was Meyer, and Burkhardt collaborated with him as joint author of the article on potential theory which they wrote for the *Encyclopädie.*

Other topics on which Burkhardt published included groups, differential equations, differential geometry and mathematical physics.

Janiszewski was among the many students that Burkhardt taught.

**References elsewhere in this archive:**

There is a **Crater Burckhardt** on the moon. You can see a list of lunar features named after mathematicians.

JOC/EFR February 1997