Max Abraham

Born: 26 March 1875 in Danzig (now Gdansk), Germany
Died: 16 Nov 1922 in Munich, Germany

[Mathematiker Bild]

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Max Abraham studied under Planck, writing his doctoral dissertation in 1897. Then he lectured at Göttingen until 1909 when he accepted a post in Illinois. Disliking the USA he returned within a few months to Göttingen, going next to Milan. Forced to return to Germany at the start of World War I he worked on the theory of radio transmission. Unable to return to Milan after the War he worked at Stuttgart until 1921 when he accepted a chair in Aachen. He took ill on the way to Aachen and never recovered.

His work is almost all related to Maxwell's theory and he wrote a text which was the standard work on electrodynamics in Germany for a long time. His theory of the electron was developed in 1902 but in 1904 Lorentz and Einstein produced a different theory. Abraham's was at first supported by experiment, but later work was to favour of the Lorentz, Einstein theory. Abraham was opposed to relativity all his life.

References (4 books/articles)

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JOC/EFR December 1996